Symbols of the Hungarian Nation

Description of the photo

Turul is the mythological bird of the origin myth of the Magyars (Hungarian people).

The Turul is a large falcon, and the origin of the word is most likely Turkish (togrul or turgul means peregrine falcon). In Hungarian the word sólyom means falcon, and there are three ancient words describing different kinds of falcons: kerecsen (saker), zongor (lives in the male name Zsombor) and turul.

In the legends Turul is mentioned at least twice to shape the fate of the Hungarians: the first time Emese, mother of Álmos had a dream where a Turul appeared, impregnated her and told her that her child was going to be the father of a great nation. The second time, the leader of the Hungarian tribes had a dream where eagles attacked their horses and a Turul came and saved them, to symbolise that they have to move, and when they did, the Turul helped them to show the way and led them finally to the land that became Hungary.

There were three Turul statues in Greater Hungary (before the country had its borders reconfigured by the Treaty of Trianon): one still visible on the mountain next to Tatabánya, Hungary. It is the largest bird statue in the world, and the largest bronze statue in Central Europe; the wingspan of the Turul is almost 15 meters.